Leaves, leaves, leaves. A couple of sharp frosts and a strong wind they are now falling although the oak trees are hanging on. However one useful tip is to mow them up instead of raking. By raising the blades of the mower and shredding the leaves they fill compost much quicker and its good the oaks are late as it means those can be bagged separately. Oak leaves take a long time to break down.
If you are planning to plant fruit trees now is the best time, similarly roses are best planted in November. If they have been ordered and arrive with dry roots, soak them in a bucket of water for an hour before planting.
Pruning of apple and pear trees can be started this month
Early varieties of broad beans can be sown this month if it’s not too cold. All root crops apart from parsnips should be lifted and stored. Be prepared for a further sudden drop in temperatures, usually around the end of the second week. Protect cauliflowers and celery from frost. Check stored potatoes for any rot or damage. Complete bulb planting including tulips.
Ventilate the greenhouse and cold frames as much as possible on warm days. Insulate any outside taps or pipes. Now is a good time to repair paths or put up arches or pergolas and a final hoeing will help to keep the weeds down.